Study suggests new treatment strategy for deadly brain cancer

NIH-funded, preclinical study suggests a common form of brain cancer may be treated with combination radio- and chemotherapy In a study of mice and human brain tumors researchers at the University of the Michigan, Ann Arbor, searched for new treatments by exploring the reasons why some patients with gliomas live remarkably longer than others. The…

Exenatide treatment improves depression symptoms in PD patients

Non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD), such as depression, apathy, cognitive impairment, sleep disorders, and sensory symptoms, can have a greater impact on health-related quality of life than motor deficits. In a post hoc analysis of the exenatide-PD trial results, investigators found that patients on exenatide treatment experienced improvements in severity of depression, independent of…

Newly developed stem cell technologies show promise for treating PD patients

Despite challenges, new advances in stem cell biology and genetic engineering show potential for better cell replacement therapies, say experts in a special supplement to the Journal of Parkinson’s Disease Cell replacement may play an increasing role in alleviating the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD) in future. Writing in a special supplement to the…

Challenges and opportunities for brain health

Ever wondered how the World Federation of Neurology is working to foster quality neurology and brain health worldwide? William M Carroll and Wolfgang Grisold, of the World Federation of Neurology, discuss what can be done to increase research into neurological disorders and promote better and lasting brain health. Brain-related disorders such as epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease,…

NIH study provides answer to long-held debate on blood sugar control after stroke

Findings may have immediate impact on clinical practice WHAT Hyperglycemia, or increased glucose, is common in patients with acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcomes compared to normal glucose levels. Doctors all over the world have debated whether intensive glucose management, which requires the use of IV insulin to bring blood sugar levels…

CNS releases new clinical practice guidelines for thoracolumbar spine trauma

The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) has issued new clinical practice guidelines on the evaluation and treatment of patients with thoracolumbar spine trauma. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines on the Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma have been published today in full text on the CNS website…

Medicare reconsiders paying for seniors’ spine operations at surgery centers

Medicare is reviewing whether seniors should undergo spine surgeries at same-day surgery centers, the government-run health program announced Wednesday, five months after a USA Today Network-Kaiser Health News investigation revealed a spate of patient deaths following the procedures. The proposal states that Medicare officials will examine whether these procedures “pose a significant safety risk” to…

New research shows adult neurogenesis does not persist in the human hippocampus

The generation of new neurons in the human hippocampus strongly decreases from childhood to almost undetectable levels in adults. It can therefore be stated that neurogenesis in the human hippocampus is almost non-existent, as opposed to what has been thought in recent decades. 6th World Conference on Neurology and Neurosurgery will be organized during March 27-28, 2019…